Updated: Feb 23, 2022
For immediate release: Monday, 15 October 2016
Women farmers, fishers, pastoralists, agriculture workers and indigenous smallholders have been feeding their communities for centuries but remain largely invisible in the world of agriculture.
To celebrate International Day of Rural Women today at the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Plenary in Rome, a panel of experts on food security, representing women’s grassroots organisations have come together to share their experiences, struggles and demands.
The panel event was organised by the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples Mechanism (CSM) of the CFS, a platform that brings together organisations working on food and nutrition and producers, who represent more than 380 million members across the world.
Introducing the session, Ruchi Tripathi, chair of the panel and head of resilient livelihoods and climate justice at ActionAid International, spoke about the importance of recognizing the multiple identities and unique struggles of rural women.
Several of the panelists pointed out that there were policies and laws on women’s rights, including recommendation 34 on the rights of rural women set out by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. But that these were not being put into practice.
UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Hilal Elver, spoke about the gap between law and implementation. “The law does not get all the way to villages, or fisherfolk or indigenous peoples,” she said.
Panelist Christina Louwa, from the World Forum of Fisher Peoples, said: “It is a shame that after a decade of celebrating International Rural Women’s Day, we are still making the same demands and are yet to fully access and enjoy those rights.
“Women in small-scale fishing communities and indigenous women are the pillars and backbone of their communities and play a key role in contributing to the nourishment and food security of their families and communities. Their lives and livelihoods, and those of their communities, are threatened by both factors such as ocean, lakes, land and natural resources-grabbing, privatization, exclusion, marginalization, rape and sexual harassment.”
She called on governments to engage women in fishing communities and indigenous women and their representatives in decision-making at all levels.
Iridiani Seibert, from La Via Campesina and coordinator of the CSM’s women’s group, also reflected on a decade of celebrating International Day of Rural Women, highlighting the centrality of ‘agroecology for the realization of women’s rights.
However, spoke of her disappointment on hearing that rural women were almost not included in the opening plenary of the World Food Security summit on International Day of Rural Women: “It’s very painful for us to see that we almost had three men speaking during the opening ceremony and no rural woman.”
Women make up nearly half of the world’s 500 million family farmers who produce 80% of the world food. But they are also most affected by rising global hunger, some 60% of the 821 million people who are not getting enough to eat as thought to be women.
As large-scale industrial agriculture spreads, rural women are being dispossessed, and their knowledge of sustainable food production methods is being lost.
Panel member Azra Sayeed, from the International Women’s Alliance, Pakistan, said the most critical demand for governments meeting this week is equitable distribution of land.“Without land women are forced into various forms of exploitative labour,” she said. “We also demand public funds to be provided so that agroecological agriculture maybe promoted and practiced.“Women demand food sovereignty as that allows small producers, especially women to be at the centre of decision making, a process that will allow landless agricultural women workers to build a sustainable society, now and for our future generations.”
Speaker Paulomee Mistry, representing the International Union of Food and Agriculture Workers, spoke about the need to pay a living wage to agriculture workers, and to reduce the pay gap between men and women workers.
She spoke about the experiences of women working on tea plantations in India where women make up 80% of the workforce, but just 1% of supervisors, meaning they face violence and harassment at work. They face low wages, a lack of job security, leaving them socially, economically and physically vulnerable.
Maria Teresa Alvarez shared the experiences of Argentinian women pastoralists. She said communities were drastically affected by land-grabbing and a reduction in space for their traditional farming practices. Meanwhile, highly processed foods were being introduced, particularly in schools, which are harming people’s health.
Speaking after the session, ActionAid’s Ruchi Tripathi said: “It’s clear from the experiences of these women that there can be no solution to rising world hunger without restoring the rights of women and rural communities over natural resources, and investing in climate resilient ‘agroecology’ farming, which builds on their knowledge.” ###